About Rwanda

Rwanda is a landlocked country in east-central Africa and is officially known as the Republic of Rwanda, located a few degrees south of the Equator. The country is bordered by Uganda, Burundi, Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Rwanda is located within the Great Lakes African region dominated by mountains in the west and savannah on the east. The climate of the country is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons each year. Visiting Rwanda can be a fun-filled adventure.
In 1994, Rwanda’s civil war dominated the world’s headlines. This became known as “Rwanda’s genocide” in which thousands of people were killed. It is what most people still think about when they hear the word ‘Rwanda’.
Now 17 years later, the country is peaceful under Rwanda’s democratic government which promotes harmony, and the Rwandese are enjoying a good life again. Many are eager to tell of their past, to let the world know what happened – and to protect their country against it ever happening again.

Travelling in Rwanda
With your own 4WD vehicle and driver, traveling in Rwanda is fairly easy. The major arterial routes are tarred, although roads in the more rural areas are not and can be in poor condition.

Health in Rwanda
Modern western medical services are accessible within Kigali while the country side still largely depends on elementary health care. It’s generally wise you are up-to-date on vaccinations for typhoid, tetanus, polio and diphtheria. Many travelers also have the Havrix vaccine to guard against hepatitis A infection and a yellow fever certificate is required for entry into Rwanda. Malaria is widespread throughout lowland Rwanda, so precaution is generally essential.
That said, it’s vital that you always check the latest recommendations with your own doctor or travel clinic before you travel.
HIV infection rates are still a concern, although it’s generally not a threat to visitors, they are advised to be aware and take wise precaution.

Languages in Rwanda
The main language spoken in Rwanda is Kinyarwanda (a Bantu language, also known as ‘Rwanda’ or ‘Ruanda’). French is widely spoken in Rwanda and English is mostly spoken by those who are in regular contact with visitors.

Visas for Rwanda
Travelers with British passports and American citizens, will generally be issued visas to Rwanda on arrival, currently (Jan 2011) passports are stamped on arrival. You’re however advised to always check with your local Rwandan Embassy for the latest regulations. The UK nationals will find details on the Embassy of the Republic of Rwanda website in London.

Weather & Climate in Rwanda
Rwanda presents visitors with a pleasant tropical highland climate, for more details, see our webpage on the climate and weather in Rwanda.